Course Descriptions with Consultant Information

Classes that are offered:

Biology | Calculus AB/BC | Chemistry |  English Language | English Literature | French Language & Culture | Latin | Spanish Statistics | U.S. Government & Politics | U.S. History

Advanced Placement Summer Institute class


Designed for both experienced and new AP Biology teachers, this AP Biology Summer Institute will focus on techniques to introduce and reinforce all aspects of the AP Biology curriculum framework (the four “Big Ideas”, the seven Science Practices, the Learning Objectives, etc) with a particular emphasis on moving your lab program toward guided, student-designed, inquiry based labs. Participants will engage in an extensive hands-on lab experience, which will include lab prep, experimental design, data analysis, and presentation. Labs will include those found in the AP Biology Lab Manual, as well as many alternatives.

We will spend time on the NEW AP resources and processes that will better support AP students and teachers. The changes, to be implemented starting August 1, 2019, will include new classroom resources, online questions banks, unit guides, and progress checks.

During the week time will also be devoted to teaching strategies (including using case studies and POGIL), course design, how to develop a syllabus with the new framework, the AP exam, textbook selection, and lab equipment requirements and ordering information.

Participants are asked to bring their 2019/20 academic year calendars, a calculator, their own laptop (if possible), and a favorite lab or other activity to share.

Pam Bryer is an Introductory Biology Instructor and the Director of Laboratories for the Bowdoin College Biology Department. As a College Board consultant for over 15 years, she has conducted AP Biology workshops and summer institutes around the country. She has taught microbiology, marine biology, and/or general biology to Upward Bound high school students every summer for thirty years, conducted Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) sponsored summer workshops for high school teachers, published articles on simplified lab techniques for introductory/AP biology, and presents at local, regional, and national conferences. Pam is currently the Maine representative to the National Association of Biology Teachers (NABT).

Calculus AB/BC

This workshop will concentrate on AB topics and will cover BC topics as requested by the participants. This session will familiarize participants with the Redesigned AP Calculus Framework that went into effect in the Fall of 2016, as well as thorough coverage of the concepts and content of both Calculus AB and BC. Strategies for successfully teaching all the major topics in the AB/BC Framework using multiple representations (graphical, numerical, algebraic and verbal) will be emphasized. Resources, activities and supplemental material that promote student understanding will be provided. Participants will have hands on experience with AP Free Response and Multiple Choice questions with attention given to assessment of student written responses. Methods for using both the TI84 and TI-Nspire graphing calculators will be utilized as well as demonstrations using Desmos. Emphasis on topics will be guided by the needs of the participants.

Dennis Donovan has been teaching AP Calculus AB and BC since 1997 and AP Statistics since 2002 at Xaverian Brothers High School in Westwood, MA. He is a College Board consultant for AP Calculus and has presented at numerous one-day and two-day workshops and AP Summer Institutes. Dennis has been an AP Calculus reader from 2005-2014, his roles have included: table leader and question leader. He became a co-author on the Barron’s AP Calculus Review Book for the 13th edition. He has presented at many Saturday study sessions for student review in both AP Calculus and AP Statistics for NMSI and the Massachusetts Math Science Initiative. Dennis is also a T3 Regional Instructor concentrating on the TI-Nspire. He holds a B.S. in Mathematics from Worcester Polytechnic Institute and a Masters of Mathematics for Educators from WPI.


Chemistry participants can expect an extensive overview of the current AP Chemistry course implemented in 2013/14 according to the new AP Chemistry Curriculum Framework. We will prepare for the emphasis on inquiry learning that pervades not only the new curriculum framework, but, particularly, the laboratory portion of the new course. Participants can expect exposure to resources such as POGIL, the Science Writing Heuristic and the 5 and 7 E models and their use in planning to teach and prepare laboratory and classroom experiences using various levels of inquiry.  Sample questions representative of the new exam style will be studied as well. We will also practice writing assessment questions that will elicit students’ inquiry skills and we will convert former multi-topic AP examination questions into inquiry style questions. Participants will perform ten laboratory exercises with various levels of inquiry. Several of these will be taken from the brand new AP Chemistry Inquiry Based Laboratory Lab Manual. In addition, participants will practice converting some of their current favorite experiments from standard laboratory format to both guided and open inquiry styles. Taught by Cheri Smith.

Cheri Smith is the science department head at Yale Secondary School near Vancouver, British Columbia where she has been teaching AP Chemistry since 1988. She has worked for the College Board as a consultant in Pre-AP Science and AP Chemistry for two decades conducting workshops across Canada, the US and the world.

Cheri has assisted in editing and writing the Special Focus materials for the College Board’s AP Chemistry workshops and the reviewing of materials for the AP Central website. Currently, she is one of the writers of the College Board’s AP Chemistry Inquiry Based Laboratory Manual. Additionally she is an author of four chemistry texts, including AP Chemistry 1 (Big Ideas 1, 2 & 3) and AP Chemistry 2 (Big Ideas 4, 5 & 6) which were released in 2016.

She has been an AP chemistry exam reader, table leader and question leader since 1998.

English Language & Composition

Participants in this course will consider various approaches to designing and teaching AP English Language and Composition. Course content and activities will address the substance and philosophy of the AP English Language course and its relationship to the comprehensive end-of-course examination. Key AP course elements, including the study of rhetoric, argumentation (including source-based argumentation), image-based texts, and various forms of “the literature of fact” will be addressed and explored. A major focus will be the development of course units and assignments that occasion rhetorical awareness and the development of student skills involving close reading and purposeful writing. Each participant will review model course syllabi and give shape to a course syllabus of their own that is appropriate for his or her particular teaching situation. Each participant should bring curriculum materials that will be helpful in course development, especially nonfiction texts. As a result of taking this course, participants will be poised to develop course content that helps students build proficiencies associated  with the AP English Language and Composition Examination.

Claudette Lachance Brassil taught AP English Language and Composition as well as Pre-AP English courses over 39 years at Mt. Ararat High School in Topsham, Maine. In her school district and state, she pioneered the College Board’s Pre-AP/Vertical Teams concept in English and her practice as a collaborator and mentor served as a model for her faculty colleagues. She has conducted AP English Language and Composition course development workshops as well as Pre-AP English/Vertical Teams sessions in Canada, Illinois, New Mexico, Vermont, Connecticut, and Maine. A graduate of the University of Southern Maine and the University of New Hampshire, she is a National Board Certified Teacher and a recipient of an NCTE Teacher of Excellence Award.

English Literature & Composition

This seminar will consider the rigor, breadth, depth, and writing necessary to prepare students for success on the AP Exam and in college. Topics covered include the politics of AP (screening, student selection, grading, parents, other teachers); developing or updating a curriculum (various genres, multicultural as well as classic writers, student engagement); the teaching of writing (on-demand pieces, long analytical papers, other modes of expression and the process of revision); the exam itself (understanding what is being tested, how it is scored, and how students can prepare); and close reading and analysis of texts (prose, poetry and film). While the focus will be on effective student preparation, we are also concerned with sharing teachers’ passion for literature with students as well as survival strategies for managing this course.

Diana Krauss has a BA in English from Colby College and an MFA in Theatre from Boston University. She was certified as a National Board Teacher in 2001 and 2011. Her career spans 30 years in Maine secondary schools, including Waterville, Dexter, Mt Ararat and John Bapst. For 29 of those years she taught AP Literature and Composition. She was an AP Exam Reader from 1994-2005 and has been a College Board Consultant since 1997.

French Language and Culture

The AP French Language & Culture workshop is designed:

  • To provide the participants with ideas and techniques (Vertical Team Concept) – To prepare the students from the basic level to the New AP French test.
  • To familiarize participants with the content and the structure of the different components of the New AP French Language test.
  • To present the three modes of written and spoken communication defined in the Standards for Foreign Language learning in the 21stCentury.
  • To familiarize the participants with the Presentational, the Interpersonal and the interpretive modes of Communication in Speaking and Writing.
  • To share materials and techniques that will assist the participants to understand the new approach and will help their students to succeed on their 2019 AP test.
  • To present the cultural approach and material to be incorporated at all levels of instruction.
  • To present the websites available and how to integrate the authentic material in their daily teaching.
  • To present the six essential themes and the sub-topics recommended to be integrated in the daily instruction.
  • To provide the participants with time and opportunity for collegial interaction and exchange of successful strategies.
  • To help the participants with the preparation of the new syllabus for the College Board Audit.

Mona Mulhair has taught French at Gavilan and Cabrillo Community Colleges and presently teaches AP French language and literature at Las Lomas High School in Walnut Creek. She has been the World language mentor for the District and is presently the department chair at Las Lomas. She has been appointed as a reader and consultant for the College Board since 1995. She was a member of the test development committee and has been a table leader since 2001. She has conducted several curriculums and grading workshops nationwide as well as internationally: Paris/France and Montreal/Canada. She has presented the five-day workshops at Monterey, San Diego, Stanford, Redondo Beach California, Bellevue Washington, Tucson Arizona, Colorado, Maine, Vermont, Texas, Montana, Hawaii, and Paris France. In 2002, Mona presented French AP language and Literature in the First National AP Conference in Chicago and was certified as a National Consultant Leader for the College Board. She was teacher of the year for the Acalanes District in 1994 and has been the recipient of numerous Awards of Excellence in her field. In 2005, she authored the French Study Guide of Candide, Voltaire. In 2007, she authored and compiled the French Language Guide for the College Board and the AP workshops. In addition, she was nominated to serve on the National Academic Council of the College Board. In August 2010, she was asked to conduct a special workshop for the French consultants, preparing them for the 2012 new AP French Language and Culture test. She may be contacted


This week-long workshop is designed to help teachers guide students along the way in better translating (literal translation) and writing (essay) skills. Some techniques will include adapting and using readings from Vergil and Caesar to incorporate into instruction at the beginning of the AP year or in the year before AP. The readings will help in the transition to significantly more difficult authentic text and will also focus upon grammar and reading instruction. In addition, we will write short questions for many passages in the syllabus and incorporate sense unit separations into all literal translations. This work will focus on Book 1 of the Aeneid and Book 1 of Bellum Gallicum, but we will deal with any sections teachers want. The bulk of our questions and essay prompts will elucidate what these two texts (authors) have in common. Teachers will leave with passages, essay questions, teaching techniques and strategies to enhance reading and understanding Latin. Participants are encouraged to bring their current textbooks. If you have questions or need more information contact Jill Crooker:

Jill Crooker taught Latin, all levels including AP Vergil and AP Latin Literature, for more than 25 years at Pittsford Mendon High School, N.Y. She has served as Reader, Table Leader, and presently Question Leader for samples for more than 15 years. She has conducted numerous AP summer institute sessions and has led professional development workshops in Maine and New York, as well as at The American Classical League Institutes for many years. She has written extensively about assessment for all levels of Latin.

Spanish Language and Culture

Using the Backwards Design process, this summer institute will re-examine participants’ AP Spanish Language and Culture course to better align with current Advanced Placement Program expectations. The course will provide sample materials and classroom activities relating to the 2019 exam. Participants will be asked to actively participate and share best practices with the entire group on a daily basis.

Topics will include the following:

  • Foundations of Advanced Placement
  • Using project-based learning (PBL) a way to integrate and develop language skills
  • Developing Integrated Performance Assessment (IPA) activities
  • Integrating STEAM topics in the World Languages Classroom
  • Developing and integrating the three modes of communication; Interpretive, Interpersonal and Presentational
  • Putting the Curriculum Framework into practice
  • Instructional Design and Management
  • Developing new ideas using the recommended AP Themes / Contexts and Essential Questions
  • Teaching and Developing Culture in the AP Spanish Language and Culture Course
  • Reflecting on current AP Program, how to involve all teachers, developing an AP Vertical Team
  • Using authentic resources
  • Building proficiency across modes of communication
  • Integrating authentic literature in the AP Spanish Language and Culture course
  • Applying the scoring criteria to student samples

María Vázquez currently teaches AP Spanish Language, Spanish IV and Arte y Cultura at Millburn High School in New Jersey. She studied in Madrid and Salamanca, and is a graduate of Seton Hall University, with degrees in Spanish Language & Literature and Secondary Education. Maria has been a College Board national consultant for over 25 years. She has conducted over 100 AP workshops and summer institutes throughout the United States and in Europe. Maria received the Advanced Placement Recognition Award from the Middle States Regional office. She served as Co-Chair on the AP Spanish Language Test Development Committee, and currently is the Assistant Chief Reader at the AP Reading. Former Consultant for Pearson Publications: AP Spanish Preparing for the Language Exam 2007©, Teacher’s Guide – Lesson Plans: Abriendo Paso-Lectura 2007© and 2012©; Abriendo Paso-Temas y Lecturas 2013©; Research Consultant for Abriendo Paso-Temas y Lecturas. Co-author of El Movimiento Poblacional College Board Curriculum Module2012©.


This AP Statistics workshop is an intensive five-day program that will provide an overview of statistical ideas and concepts and give valuable resources and instructional strategies for teaching AP Statistics. We will cover the four principal areas of the AP Curriculum: Exploratory Analysis, Data Collection, Probability, and Statistical Inference. Participants will be given instruction on content, classroom activities, teaching strategies, time management, uses of technology, review for the exam, cumulative projects, and exposure to previous AP questions. There will be a discussion of AP goals, resources, and equity issues, the course audit, and recommended textbooks. This workshop will be valuable not only to teachers planning to teach or already teaching AP Statistics, but also to Pre-AP teachers who through vertical teaming can help prepare and encourage students to take AP Statistics.

More specifically, the following topics will be covered in some detail:

1) Exploratory Analysis: graphical displays including dotplots, bar charts, histograms, stemplots, and boxplots; numerical summaries including median and mean, range, interquartile range, variance, and standard deviation; bivariate data including scatterplots, correlation, the least squares regression line, the coefficient of determination, and residuals; and categorical data including frequency tables and Simpson’s paradox.

2) Planning a Study: simple random sampling, sampling error, sources of bias in surveys, and stratification to reduce variation; observational studies vs experiments; blinding, doubleblinding, blocking; random sampling vs random assignment.

3) Probability: multistage probability calculations, discrete random variables and their probability distributions, simulation of probability distributions, and means and standard deviations for sums and differences of random variables; normal distribution; sampling distributions of sample means and sample proportions.

4) Statistical Inference: confidence intervals for means and proportions, difference of two means or proportions, slope; hypothesis tests including null and alternative hypotheses, P-values, one and two sided tests, Type I and Type II errors; tests for a proportion, for a mean, for a difference, and for a slope; chi-square test for goodness of fit and chi-square test for independence; the t-distribution and associated single sample and two sample t-procedures. Much of the above will be presented and illustrated in the context of activity-based examples.

Dr. Martin Sternstein, Professor Emeritus at Ithaca College, received his undergraduate degree at the University of Chicago and his doctorate at Cornell University. He spent two years in West Africa as Fulbright Professor at the University of Liberia. He has strong interests in national educational and social issues concerning equal access to math education for all. He has been a Reader and Table Leader for the AP Statistics exam, has given over 50 College Board Pre-AP and AP workshops, and is the author of the Barron’s AP Statistics review book. He was profiled in Princeton Review’s “The 300 Best Professors.”

United States Government & Politics

This course is designed for educators who are new to US Government and Politics as well as for experienced teachers in search of new materials and strategies. Detailed information about the new frameworks and the new testing format, which became effective with the 2018-2019 exam, will be highlighted. We will examine each of the 5 new units in detail as well as trying interactive lessons that span units and call on the same type of knowledge and skills used in the Free Response Questions. We will also share approaches for this course that are effective with students from different academic backgrounds. Although the nation’s founding documents remain unchanged, policy, legislation, court decisions and political trends are constantly evolving. Updated curriculum, both in electronic and hard copy form, will be made available for all sub-topics. This course will examine our political landscape from multiple perspectives, ranging in time from the founding of the Republic to the results of the 2016 election and beyond.

Bob Baker has taught almost every course offered in the social studies curriculum over the last 34 years, and US Government and Politics is his favorite. Recently retired from Needham High School in Needham, Massachusetts, he is an AP Reader and consultant, as well as a self-confessed recovering political junkie. He has led teacher workshops across the US, and has compiled a wide repertoire of approaches to this dynamic course.

United States History

This course will provide teachers with the tools they need to design or revise an effect AP US History course. Throughout the week teachers will explore AP History disciplinary practices and reasoning skills, along with the historical periods, concept outline, and thematic learning objectives.  Participants will understand how to use activities that organize the concepts and essential questions to develop students’ proficiency in the historical disciplinary practices and reasoning skills identified in the curriculum framework.  Participants will work on a course plan that will help them decide how they will teach the practices and skills and the what content they feel will best allow their students to apply the practices and skills they need to be apprentice historians.  In addition participants will review the AP US History Exam, including an understanding of the scoring guidelines for the Long Essay Question and DBQ. This will include the reading and scoring of sample essays from the most recent exam reading. The curriculum framework and exam scoring guidelines have undergone revisions over the last three years so this course will also provide participants with the latest revisions. Participants are encouraged to bring books, supplemental readings, lessons, and any other materials they think would be valuable to share with other teachers.

Jim Glinski has over 40 years of experience as a teacher and department chairperson at Xaverian Brothers High School in Westwood, MA.  For over 20 years he has been a reader and table leader at the AP US History Exam Reading; taught numerous AP US History and AP European History College Board workshops and Summer Institutes; and been the recipient of the College Board’s New England Region Advanced Placement Recognition Award for Excellence in Teaching.